“WORLD’S FIRST 3D PRINTED CAR ‘STRATI’ “-LOCAL MOTORS’ NEXT FUTURISTIC INOVATION

The world's first 3D printed car - 'Strati ', launching.

 

Have you ever thought of buying a new car? Hop to a showroom…proceed a zero down on car…go through the cost and payment procedures and wait till you are delivered with your order, and then you own a brand new car. The delivery could consume days…weeks or even years in some cases. A really long and hectic process, isn’t it?

Dissent to the above situation, if you are told that a car can be manufactured in just 24 hours! Would it stand your belief?

Yes….you read it all right!

Image credit: Lm Labs

Local Motors, which have always been a leading edge of car designs, have come up with the most amazing innovations till date- “a 3D car” that has been manufactured in just over 24 hours.

Local Motors, best known for making the Rally Fighter off-highway vehicle, have come a really long way in no duration of time.

The first 3D printed brand new sparkling innovation was named- the “STRATI”. ‘Strati’ is an Italian word that is often used to mean ‘layer’.

Strati is the world’s first 3D printed electric car.

The Strati 3D printed car project is van guarded by Local Motors. John Rogers is the CEO of this self-styled innovative company. The company is based in Arizona.

The manufacturing was carried by in collaboration with Cincinnati Incorporation and Oak Ridge Nation Laboratory. The most miraculous aspect of this 3D printed car is that it was printed in a single piece of work just in the duration of fewer than two days. Surprising, right? Yes, Strati was printed in just over 44 hours. The process used for 3D printing cars is known as “direct digital manufacturing”. No doubt it’s a seamless fabrication piece of components from computer design to physical object. It claims that it is the first time ever used method for manufacturing a car.

Above this, Strati the first 3D printed car is an “electric car”.

 

  • All about the Strati design

Local Motors project core is their ‘open-source platform’.

The exclusive design of Strati was selected from the 200 entries submitted by Local Motors’ Online Community.

  Strati is a neighborhood electric vehicle.

It is a two-seater 3D printed car.

It runs on the 12-kilowatt powertrain.

 

Image Credits: Local Motors

 

The Strati has 6.1 kWh battery powering, which churns out 5 to 17 bhp and generates 56Nm of torque. It takes about three and half hours to fully charge and boasts of a range of 100 km/hr. Top speed to is at a healthy 80 km/h.

It’s a cute compact size car. The other mechanical components of the car including the battery, motor, suspension were all assembled from various sources. Renault’s urban electric car ‘Twizy’ is similar in the sense. Local Motors’ engineering team rapidly assembled the final parts of a 3D car that all went well and they took the first historic test drive.

Rogers explains: “If you can make a vehicle out of one material, you can massively reduce the number of parts.”The 3D car is mostly made of single material carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic. This material has the same strength as the mid-grade aluminum. The energy is pure electric.

The world’s first 3D-printed car is improvised in sense of designing. The dashboard typically looks like the stacked silicone beads of a caulking gun. “We milled the sides to show how that would look,” Rogers says. “Some of the other parts are just how they came out of the printer, so you can see that. But we can make it look however we want. You could put a vinyl wrap on it and the car would still be completely recyclable.”

Strati is not tailor designed for highways, so there’s no deal of passing all of the safety standards tests. The 3D car can be licensed without these tests.

Local Motors plans to start selling production- level cars for between $18,000 & $30,000.

 

  • 3D Printing- Core of Strati

For the time when Local Motors had signed a partnership agreement with the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in January; they had no printing material available at hand. They had neither a printing machine nor any printing, material. Most amazingly, they didn’t even have a car design ready. Just forget about 3D printers and stuff. It took a short period of six months and within no time they were ready with all the 3D printing material handy.

3D Printing ongoing process.
3D Printing Process

 Image Credits: Local Motors

The Local Motors started printing in the last three months. It took more than 140 hours of printing time to complete a 3D car within just 45 hours of a week. Everything was just matter of months. They had set up a micro-factory on the show floor. This is what provided the printing team with a freedom to try every possible thing and simultaneously try changes in the creation. They reached phase I.

They acquired a mill to remove excess material. Phase II reached.

Then the assembly cell assembled the car together from 50 parts.

The 3D printer did all of the jobs like sheets upon sheets, brackets upon fastener upon glue upon rubber seal upon glass upon harness; everything into a single machine.

The 3D printer printed everything, right from the chassis, the body, the dash, the center console, the seats, the fenders, the bonnet, the boot and the whole 3D car. Further moving to the springs, the struts, the motors, the battery, the steering wheel, the headlights and tail lights, the blinkers; all these components were the later addition.

 

The invention of 3D printing in the automotive manufacturing landscape is highly becoming a need of trend to cope up with the competition in the production of cars. 3D printing companies such as Stratasys, GE, and 3D Systems are only continuing to improve their technology

Apparently, there is a heck lot of time for people to think about going for this kind of 3D printed car.

But undoubtedly, this power-packed 3D printed car- Strati, has redefined an incredibly new and the next future for car manufacturing.

 

THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND WHILE USING “FREE Wi-Fi”

free wifi available at restaurants

THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND WHILE USING “FREE Wi-Fi”

 free wifi available at restaurants

Image Credits: styxclick

The moment we enter a restaurant or coffee shop, the first thing we do is a hunt for the available public hotspots. As soon as we board a train we hop onto our Wi-Fi to connect the network in order to go live.

The urge to be live all the time may not cause us anything expensive economically, but have you ever wondered about the long-term risks we eventually suffer for the sake of going live on a free cost.

On a bad note, the free Wi-Fi network that cost you no penny will cause you highly expensive risk of privacy and security on a long-term basis. Do we ignore to give our second thought on whether the network we are connecting to free Wi-Fi is really legitimate? Is it fully secured with no risk and bumps?

Without much of thinking and being cautious, we provide our personal details and information to access the free networks available at railways, restaurants and all public areas offering free Wi-Fi service. We think we just scooped off the terms and conditions of the provider, but we forget it comes at a cost of leaving up our personal identity vulnerable.

Here are some points to keep in mind before using free public Wi-Fi. Exercise this and enjoy the luxuries!

 

  • Authenticity- A Must Be Practiced

Strictly connect to only those Wi-Fi hotspots, which are legitimately authenticated. Always ask the service providers for the correct and genuine ‘network name’ and ‘password’.

The second thing after fetching the precise network information is to check if the Wi-Fi comes with a protected access. To ensure the protection level, check for the existence of WPA and WPA2 password standards.

The acronym may seem a bit buzz but these are the security protocols that ensure secure access. If these security acronyms don’t exist, you are at a risk of connecting to a highly unencrypted and loose network. One must be vigilant before accessing Wi-Fi.

Thirdly, pay a careful attention to the provided legal network name- as they may appear potentially decisive hotspots that resemble far or less to the official network names. Connecting to these will leave you at a highly vulnerable risk of insecurity and spamming.

 

  • Protect Yourself

Never carry the online banking sessions or online shopping or booking or any transactions that require you to enter your personal sensitive information, on the free Wi-Fi networks. Even if the Wi-Fi networks seem to be encrypted.

Your very question reading this would be – online banking is secured as it is encrypted, right?

Here, the major hurdle to this is the ‘public Wi-Fi network’. Like the Wi-Fi network, we use at home, where the network traffic is fully encrypted between the devices we use and the wifi router. So, apart from our home devices the other devices that are not within our passphrase, has no idea of what pages we are surfing and what information we are sharing. So, the network is securely encrypted with our own passphrase.

On the other hand, in opposition; the public Wi-Fi hotspots itself is malicious as it’s a big open network with complicatedly connected devices in a wide range like no. of laptops, desktops, tablets, phones and almost every device on the wide network is open to it.

All the transactions and surfing going on is almost visible to every other device connected to the network. In every device, the unencrypted network traffic can clearly notice what web pages are being visited, what information is being shared like data, files, photos, videos and much more. At the same time, the devices in the networks are also authorized in knowing which encrypted website the other device is accessed to. So, if you are working on your bank website, the device spying will catch it.

For example, Firesheep- an easy-to-use tool helps in snooping onto everyone’s browsing session and spamming them.

 

  • Don’t Forget To Logout

Never stay logged into websites and accounts whenever on public Wi-Fis.

Remember you are offering a risk loop for yourself by ignoring to log out of the stuff. Don’t fall a prey to exposing yourself by staying signed in to your personal online accounts permanently. After you are done with each surfing or accessing log out the session as soon as done.

Clearing your cookies and history after logging out is a good sign of cautiousness.

 

  • HTTP – A Risk Handler

HTTP- Hyper Text Transfer Protocol is one of the best tools offered by network engineers. HTTP ensures that you are connecting to an encrypted website whenever available.

 ‘HTTPS’ is an added advantage. HTTPS is the secured version of HTTP where ‘S’ stands for ‘secure’. HTTPS often comes into picture when using/ working on official sites of organizations such as banks and online money transfer transactions.

The HTTPS protocol ensures that the data is fully encrypted and shared only within the browser and the website server. This assures a secured process of accessing information that is highly sensitive. Thereby, eradicating the risk of spoofing, by a third person.

address bar showing the secured way of using a website

Image credits: AFANASEV IVAN

So, never forget to use HTTP and HTTPS while using public Wi-Fis. It can also be automatically used. Browsers come with an option in settings that states, “Always Use HTTP”. Enable this option on the websites where you need to enter personal credentials. This encrypts and protects the information that the sender sends to the site.

 

  • Using VPN Is Bliss

Connecting to open public Wi-Fi and surfing the website and passing your personal credentials is similar to opening yourself to live risk and anonymity. For the ones who are worried about the personal privacy and online security- VPN comes into rescue.

VPN acronym of Virtual Private Network is a secure tunnel between two or more devices used to protect private web traffic from snooping, interference and censorship as stated by ExpressVPN.

ExpressVPN is one of the VPN service providers.

VPN offers us a privacy and security by creating our very own private network tunnel.

VPN encrypts our network traffic into our personal leased network. Thereby, protecting our privacy.

VPN hides our IP address; this restricts hackers from entering the network or reaching the device.

 

  • No Sharing While On Public Wi-Fi’s

Turn off sharing strictly.

One can avail this aspect by simply turning the sharing option off from the System Preferences or Control panel, each depends on the corresponding OS.

You can also do this by choosing “Public” option, the very first time you connect to an unsecured Wi-Fi network.

 

  • Disabling Or Turning Off The Wi-Fi’s

The Wi-Fi hardware that is mounted on your device keeps working as long as it is turned OFF. So the Wi-Fi network constantly keeps transmitting data over a network, even when you are not actively working on the network.

There is a constant risk of hacking and spamming as far as the Wi-Fi is kept ON. It’s always a good turn to switch off the Wi-Fi whenever you are not using it. For instance, you have finished downloading a movie and now want to enjoy watching it; Wi-Fi has done its work and no longer needed.

This would be an added advantage to the battery life of the device.

 

  • Other things that can be practiced are: 
  1. Always think before you connect to free Wi-Fis.
  2. Using a firewall.
  3. Using a 2-factor authentication for all accounts.
  4. Installing antivirus and anti-phishing software.
  5. Keeping the settings up-to-date, so the networks are not always saved on your devices.

Eventually, be careful with every step you take when on free public Wi-Fis. Though carrying on the bank transactions and personal credentials on cellular data of a device is always the best option.

 

Opinion : iPhone X- The worst  iPhone ever made by Apple

iphone X

Apple has positioned the iPhone X as leading the next 10 years of its smartphone development. The tech people, that are the creators of this iPhone, are breaking a new ground for Apple. So it’s inevitable that creators have nailed upon every single aspect straight off the bat.

As we have already seen, the new iPhone X is bringing out the new features that its old model doesn’t have. The iPhone X certainly offers a lot of impressive features. But….you might want to hold off buying Apple’s latest release– iPhone X

Just wait until you read out the below mentioned hidden costs of owning a brand new iPhone X..!

iphone X

THE COST

First things first. Let’s look at the obvious TURN OFF when it comes to buying Apple’s newest device. The major reason most people won’t buy Apple- iPhone X is the price. The big $1,000 is a lot more of money, compared that to an equivalent android phone.

This is by far the most common problem that leads the iPhone users to cell their iPhone X. Unfortunately, all of the problems iPhone X has, is bearable on a phone as impressive as iPhone X, if only it didn’t cost over $1,000. At this price, iPhone X better be damn well ‘perfect’.  Moreover, you are paying a fair new $100 more, for the same kind of smartphone. And it’s only the starting price than $999– if you want more storage, you’ll have to pay more. If you want key accessories, you’ll have to pay more too.

Sadly, iPhone X has disappointed to give a worth functionality at this fancy high price. Engendering the users to sell their iPhone X and switch to a fully functional latest android model that are decently priced.

A lot more of customers will be willing to pay extra to have Apple’s shiny new gadget and many people don’t think of it’s as an upfront fee.

THE LOOK AND FEEL

When Apple first announced that its gonna be a glass front and back, and plus the stainless steel frame; it created a lot of excitement among the Apple fans imagining they will soon be hands-on with this premium release. The excitement soon turned into disappointment as the users unboxed their brand new iPhone X.

Surprisingly, the subject of disappointment is not the glass front and back, neither the weight- it’s decently weighted between 8 and 8+, what it is though is the ‘FRAME’. Instead of feeling like the stainless steel or metal, its feel merely like a glossy plastic thing. It’s representative of some cover that is usually coated with a stainless steel or any metal in order to make it last longer. The frame is most important of the overall design, the frame is what you gripping like 99% of the time, so it’s a very present feel, but unfortunately, it feels like some cheap plastic-nothing much than this. Not to mention the glass cover of front and back makes the iPhone X damn slippery is another down point for the users as it increases the chance of dropping the expensive piece.

The best thing about iPhones has always been the premium look they offer. The unique metal illuminate feel that feels so premium in our hand but this iPhone X is a big let-down when it comes to feeling and rich look.

It is contradictory to the standard Apple has maintained until its last release.

PERMANENCE

One of the greatest aspects of a good handset must be its fragility. But when it comes to iPhone X, it has again let its users down in this aspect. It is an extremely fragile of iPhones!

To prove its durability level, the company called ‘Square Trade’  had put iPhone X to its drop test and it scored a 90 out of 100.

90 sounds pretty good, but number 100 is the most fragile and 1 would be the safest. Hence, comparing this, 90 is a very bad score. A bad situation for iPhone X

The result after the test on basis of 1 DROP=6 FEET is:

  • OLED screen malfunction
  • Home swipe failure
  • Display separation
  • Edge scratches

The final quote of the Square Trade Company on the test result was:

iPhone X is the most breakable, highest-priced, most expensive to repair; iPhone X.” 

OPTIMIZATION

This is by far the most widespread problem; apps are just not optimised with the iPhone X screen yet, and it just makes sense because iPhone X came out when Bell Press haven’t had enough time yet.

The lack of optimization can get really annoying when you go from app-to-app and each one has its own little thing that offs right because of the iPhone X screen over time it.

Compounding becomes a kind of big issue.Not all of the apps fit the size of the new edged iPhone X screen. It cuts the top or bottom in lot tons of the apps. For instance, Instagram definitely so close that it touches the latch above.

Another example of lack of optimisation is when we play videos in iPhone X; videos are playing at the center of the phone with black bars on the top and bottom, because of the weird aspect ratio.

Yet another instance denoting poor compounding is; iMessage has a huge gap down that really isn’t used for anything.

And when you use the phone normally, when you open apps and other things you will find some little things that don’t really work with the display and it just turns off the whole experience!

Not to mention, these things get better with time. These are similar things that happened with iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 plus, it just takes the bell press, an over a little bit of time to adapt to the new hardware. BUT, there are phones out there that we can buy with considerably less money that has fully fledge functional apps and ecosystem that doesn’t have to go through these loops to deal with eventually functional iPhone X.

You bought such an expensive phone to have the full screen and it’s just cutting out the size of apps. So, what’s the point of the full screen, when we aren’t able to enjoy the apps to its fullest?

NOT ENOUGH STORAGE

When zooming onto the specific features that iPhone X offers, we are going to find some features are a bit lacking.

Like, the storage space or capacity every entry-level model offers. The over $1,000 iPhone X offers just 64GB of storage. You will have to pay $1,149 for the 256GB version, that to considering before any TAX.

Comparing the iPhone X with an Apple laptop, that costs pretty much the same, the MacBook AIR. For exactly the same price tag of $999, you will get double the storage capacity of a MacBook AIR. And it’s merely equivalent to 128GB on the laptop, versus 64GB on the POCKET device.

It’s insane. Right?

In today’s generation of apps, videos, photos, social media accounts brewing; most of us need a way far more than 64GB of storage on our so-called smartphones.

This isn’t enough; wait…..there’s another issue here, Apple have definitely gone too far the other way with 256GB model. Most users have no need for such a hefty amount of storage block. And above this, the hefty storage comes at a whopping cost of $150 more for the storage privilege. It would have made much more sense for Apple to offer a 128GB iPhone X. Isn’t it?

Obviously, as users, our answer is a resounding YES!

The fact is, a ton of iPhone X’s so-called most impressive features aren’t actually so impressive when it comes to comparing with the latest Android handsets. Most of the android phones are ahead in the game, whereas Apple is lagging them. And the android phones have already been using these kinds of new technology for insanely a couple of years, if not longer, and yet they are super cheaper than iPhone X.

Author – Sarita Bantallu

Modi Script: The oldest surviving Cursive Script

Modi and Balbodh (Devanagari) are the two scripts used to write the Marathi language. Among these two Modi scripts is the oldest and was prevalent until 20th century. It is a cursive script and designed for minimizing the lifting of pen from paper while writing.

There are many theories about the origin of Modi script and one of them is 13th century administration of Yadva Dynasty. From the 13th century to until 20th century Modi script was widely used.

Hemadri Pandit was the prime minister (1259 to 1274 C.E) in the empire of Seuna Yadav Dynasty of Devagiri. He is credited with inventing the Modi script for use in administrative work. Another theory suggests that Hemadri Pandit brought the Modi script from Sri Lanka to India and started its use in administration. The use of Modi has decreased since the independence of India, now the Balbodh style of Devanagari is the primary script used to write Marathi.

The shapes of some consonants, vowels, and vowel signs are similar to Balbodh script (ex. भ, घ, त,क्ष) Modi script differs considerably from Balbodh in terms of letterforms, rendering behaviors, and orthography. One characteristic feature of Modi script is its cursive nature. There are few fonts available for typing in Modi Script. Most documents in Modi script are handwritten and oldest of them are preserved at Bharat Itihas Sanshodhan Mandal (BISM) Pune.

In recent days local government bodies in Maharashtra had some difficulty in interpretation of old land records in Modi language. In British India, the printing machines were developed in large scale. The typesetting for Modi script was difficult so the printing in Devnagri script was done on a large scale which was easy for typesetting. Because of this printing revolution, the use of Modi script was discouraged and gradually it became out of use. During the rule of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the Modi script was used mainly for commercial documents.

The largest numbers of old documents in Modi script are at Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu. Maharashtra government has assigned the task of developing the Modi script to C-DAC. The monthly Pune-based newspaper Vasundhara Vrutta is the only newspaper published in Modi script.

These 7 Common Superstitions in India that will make you Believe them with logical scientific explanation

Since ages Indians are known for their wisdom and knowledge. The ancient Indians had knowledge of astrology, weather, Ayurveda. Many Indians, especially in village areas, believe different things which might look like superstition but have a scientific reason behind it. Below is list of such common beliefs,

  1. Hanging lemon and green chilies in Shops:

Superstition: The lemon and green chilies oven in the cotton thread is hung on the shop door to cast away evil eye of people or to keep away the evil spirits.

Scientific Explanation: The cotton thread in which lemon and green chilies are oven absorbs the fresh juice of the lemon and chilies. This juice acts as a natural pesticide and keeps away the flies and insects protecting the shop owner and customers from viral diseases.

  1. Braking Mirror:

Superstition: Using a broke mirror brings a bad luck.

  1. Scientific Explanation: The mirror is a delicate object and was used to be costly in olden days. So to protect it from breaking and encourage people to handle it carefully the use of broken mirror was not advised. Besides, there might be a psychological reason that using a broken object would give you the poor feeling.
  2. Cutting Nails and Shaving after Sunset:

Superstition: Cutting nails and shaving after sunset is believed to have attracted the evil spirits.

Scientific Explanation: Cutting nails or shaving requires sharp blades to be used with precision and it also requires light. To avoid getting hurt in absence of light the people were discouraged to cut nails after sunset.

  1. Do not sleep with your head facing North:

Superstition: if one sleeps with keeping the head in the north it is believed that it will invite death to that person or a misfortune in the person’s life.

Scientific Explanation: the ancient Indians were very much advanced in the field of astrology and magnetism. The Earth’s magnetic field would cause the increased blood flow towards head if one keeps the head in north direction while sleeping. This might cause the person to get agitated or if the person keeps the same habit for long period, it might cause brain stroke also. To avoid these health complications in India people are advised to not to sleep with their head facing North.

  1. Do not sleep under peepal tree at night

Superstition: It is believed that after sunset evil spirits roam around peepal tree and they might possess the person sleeping under it.

Scientific Explanation: The peepal tree releases co2 after sunset. If the person is sleeping under peepal tree after sunset then he might get breathing problem. To avoid this person was advertised to not to sleep under a peepal tree in the night.

  1. Lizard Falling On Human Is Bad Luck:

Superstition: In Indian society, people believe that if a lizard falls on a human then it might bring bad luck to him and the person is advised to drink cow urine to cast away the effect.

Scientific Explanation: The scientific reason behind the belief is that the lizard releases poisonous chemicals from its body to protect itself from predators. The cow urine has many medical properties and can act as an antibiotic.

  1. Do Not sweep the house after Sunset:

Superstition:  If you sweep your house after sunset it will be disrespect to Goddess Lakshmi and hence inviting poverty.

  • Scientific Explanation: In olden days there was no electricity and people were dependent on dim light of oil lamp. If a person sweeps the house after sunset then it might be possible that small gold ornaments might get swept out of the house while sweeping. To avoid these people were advised not to sweep the house after Sunset.

What we understand from above scientific explanations is that our ancestors were highly learned and wise people who cared for the people. They set up some rules to protect the general public who were not that much educated to understand the scientific reasons.

Understanding the history of Marathi Language

The Marathi language is predominantly spoken in Maharashtra (India) and neighboring areas. It is the 19th most spoken language in the world and 4th most spoken language in India. Marathi was the court language of Seuna dynasty kings of Devgiri in Maharashtra. Many religious texts have been written in Marathi, primarily to convey the religious knowledge to common people.

Most of the literature of Varkari Sampraday is in Marathi. In medieval period saint Dyaneshwar, saint Eknath has composed religious texts in Marathi. The treaties composed in Marathi on Bhagwad Gita saint Dyaneshwar is known as Dyaneshwari. Saint Tukaram also wrote many Abhang in the Marathi language.

With the rise of Maratha Empire, the importance of Marathi increased. Under the rule of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the use of Marathi was encouraged in administration rather than the Persian language.

In the colonial period, the Christian missionaries translated Bible in Marathi. These translations are done by William Carey, the American Marathi mission, and the Scottish missionaries. the first Marathi newspaper Durban was started by Balshastri Jambhekar in 1832. The Marathi poet Keshavasut published his first poem in the year 1885. After Indian independence Marathi was accorded the status of a scheduled language on the national level. A novel Yayati by Kandekar is one of the most works done in Marathi in the 20th century. Vijay Tendulkar, P.L.Deshpande, P.K.  Atre & Prabodhankar Thackeray were the notable Marathi writers of the 20th century.

Jihadi Boli, Southern Indian Marathi, Varhadiare are few of the Dialects of Marathi language.

Marathi is written in different scripts such as Devanagari, Balbodh, and Modi script. The reference of Devnagri script is found on the 11th-century inscriptions on stone and copper plates. Most of the records from the medieval period and until 1950 are in Modi Script. Even today also we see some official records are in Modi script which requires the language expert to read it.

Marathi phonology and grammar is similar to other Indo-Aryan languages.

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar the noted freedom fighter had coined Marathi words for words from the English language. Marathi borrows a lot of its vocabulary from Sanskrit. Marathi Language Day is celebrated on February 27. There are many organizations for the regulation, promotion, and enrichment of the Marathi language.

Top 6 haunted places near Pune

Every city has some taboo places with haunting stories about them. In Pune also there are many places where one would not dare to enter after sunset. Below is the list of top 6 haunted places in Pune,

  1. The Shaniwarwada Fort:

Shaniwarwada was the seat of the Peshwas of the Maratha Empire. This fort in Pune is said to have haunted by the spirit of Peshwa Narayanrao. The story of the assassination of Peshwa Narayanrao is that his uncle Raghunathrao asked the Gardis to capture Narayanrao but the message was changed by Raghunathraos wife and the Gardis assassinated Narayanrao. At the last moment of his life, he was said to have run towards the uncle’s residence shouting ‘Kaka Mala Wachwa’ meaning ‘uncle save me’. Some people have reported of hearing the cries of Narayanrao Shaniwarwada.

  1. Sinhgad College of Engineering:

Pune is the hub of engineering education and one of the college Sinhgad College of Engineering has a reputation for being strict towards the academic activities. In the past students from this college have committed suicide because of the pressure of study. The spirit of one such student is said to have to roam the Lonavala campus of the institute. The students of the college avoid going alone outside after sunset.

  1. Choice hostel Karve road:

It is one of the best accommodations available in Pune for students but it has on drawback it is haunted!. The students have reported of seeing a lady in red saree roaming the hostel premises though she hasn’t harmed anyone to date.

  1. Chandan Nagar:

A little girl in a white frock and a doll in her hand is cute but not when she is roaming the streets in the midnight. The residents of Chandan Nagar have seen a girl roaming in the night, she is said to have died during the construction of on building.

  1. The Mansion on Residency Club Road:

This mansion is said to have been haunted by a spirit of an old lady who was murdered in this mansion. People have reported of seeing a shadow of an old lady in the window asking for help.

6.      The Haunted House on MG Road:

The house on MG road is abandoned by its owners. It is said that a young girl is killed there and her spirit is roaming the bungalow. People have reported of hearing the cries of a girl and sound of banging of doors and windows.

In the end, it is up to an individual whether he/ she wants to believe in stories or not. But why take chances …. because someone might be watching you…..

Happy Cinco De Mayo Pictures

Happy Cinco De Mayo Pictures

Cinco de Mayo (Spanish) meaning Fifth of May is an annual celebration held on May 5 to commemorate the Mexican Army’s Victory at the Battle of Puebla, on May 5, 1862.

In 1861 Mexican President Benito Juarez was forced to default on debt payments to European governments because of the bad financial situation of the country. France, Britain, and Spain sent their army’s to Mexico with an intention to carve out an empire out of Mexico.

However, Britain and Spain withdrew their forces after negotiation. France, on the other hand, invaded Mexico. The French army of 6000 troops attacked Puebla de Los Angeles, a small town in east-central Mexico. They were to fight the 4000 patriotic soldiers of Mexico sent by Juarez.

The battle was won by Mexicans and it boosted the morale of Mexicans in their fight against the French. The parade with traditional Mexican dress and dance performances is carried out in many cities.  The celebrations are done mainly in Mexico and USA. In the USA the Mexican Americans celebrate the 5th of May as a commemoration of the Mexican culture and heritage. Whereas in Mexico especially in City of Puebla the celebrations are for the Mexican Army’s Victory at the Battle of Puebla, on May 5, 1862.

 

 

Happy Cinco De Mayo Pictures

Top 8 Archaeological wonders of Ancient India

Indian culture is one of the oldest surviving cultures in the world with its rich archaeological heritage. There are numerous religious archeological sites which constructed in past two thousand years and some are even older than that. Below is the list of top 8 archaeological wonders of Ancient India.

  1. Ajanta Caves

            © Archaeological Survey of India

 These caves are situated at a distance of 107 Km from Aurangabad (Maharashtra, India). In the modern era, these caves have been first spotted by an army officer in the Madras Regiment of the British Army in 1819 during one of his hunting expeditions. The caves were excavated in a horseshoe shape in different periods (from 2nd century B.C. to 6th century A.D.). The caves were used for Buddhist monk’s religious purpose. These caves are known all over the world for its religious paintings and murals which are in good condition even today.

 2.     Mahabalipuram

© Archaeological Survey of India

Mahabalipuram is the group of Hindu religious monuments situated in coastal areas of Mahabalipuram (Tamil Nadu, India). The name Mahabalipuram has its origin with demon king Mahabali killed by one of the Avatars of Lord Vishnu. It is also known by another name Mamallapuram, the title used by the king of Pallava Narashima Varman (AD 630-68)who has got the title of Mamalla; the great wrestler. There are nine monolithic temples, cave temples and famous among them are known after the five Pandavas of Mahabharata.

 3.     Konarak – Sun Temple

© Archaeological Survey of India

Built in the 13th century, it consists of the gigantic Solar chariot, Mayadevi Temple, Vaishnava Temple and numerous small shrines. It is situated in Puri district (Odisha, India). The temple was desecrated by Mughal king Jahangir in the 17th century.

4. Hampi

© Archaeological Survey of India

It is situated on the southern bank of river Tungabhadra (Karnataka, India). This monument of Vijayanagara Empire was built between AD 1336-1570, from the times of Harihara-I to Sadasiva Raya. Many foreign travelers have written glorious descriptions of Vijayanagara Empire in their travel accounts.

Temples of this city are known for their large dimensions, bold and delicate carvings, traditional depictions which include subjects from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The monolithic statues of Lakshmi, Narasimha and Ganesa are noted for their massiveness and grace.

 5.     Rani ki Vav (The Queen’s Stepwell)

© UNESCO

 Rani ki Vav is an intricately constructed stepwell, built as a memorial to an 11th century AD king Bhimdev I by his widowed queen Udayamati.  It was added to the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites on 22 June 2014. It is situated in Patan (Gujrat, India). There are many Hindu religious sculptures. The steps begin at ground level and reach deep well below. There is also a 30 Km tunnel below the last step of the well which leads to the town of Sidhpur near Patan.

6.     Sanchi

© Archaeological Survey of India

The construction of Stupa at Sanchi was started by emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. There are numerous Stupas within few miles of Sanchi. Emperor Ashoka ordered the construction of many stupas around the country where mortal remains of Lord Buddha were to be kept. Since the fourteenth century, Sanchi remained deserted and uncared for till 1818 when General Taylor rediscovered the site.

7.     Dholavira

© Archaeological Survey of India

 Dholavira is an archaeological site at Khadirbet in Kutch District (Gujarat, India). The name Dholavira was given in the name of a modern day village 1 kilometer from the location of the site. It is one among the five largest Harappan cities in the Indian subcontinent. There are identified seven major cultural stages at this site numbered Stage 1 to stage 7. The excavations at the site have helped to understand the Indus Valley Civilization.

8.     Nalanda

©wikipedia

Nalanda was an acclaimed Mahavihara, a large Buddhist monastery in the ancient kingdom of Magadha. It is situated. It is situated at 95 Km southeast of Patna (Bihar, India).Nalanda got its importance in 5th century A.D. as a great monastic cum educational institution for oriental art and learning. Students from all over the world came here to gain knowledge.

It was founded by Kumaragupta I (413-455 A.D.) of the great Gupta dynasty. Excavations at the site by Archaeological Survey of India during 1915-37 and 1974-82 have exposed six major brick temples and eleven monasteries.

From above examples, we know that ancient Indians were highly advanced in the art of building massive stone structures, Astrology, and irrigation system. The conservation of these sites will be great heritage for us and the attraction for the foreigners.